Lightning protection design is crucial in ensuring the safety and integrity of structures and equipment in areas prone to thunderstorms. The purpose of lightning protection is to provide a safe path for the electrical discharge of lightning, directing it away from the structure and its occupants, and into the ground. This is achieved through a carefully planned system of lightning rods or air terminals strategically placed on the highest points of the structure, interconnected with conductors and grounding rods.
When lightning strikes, the air terminals attract the electrical discharge, which then travels through the conductors to the grounding system, where it is safely dissipated into the ground. Proper lightning protection design minimizes the risk of fire, structural damage, and harm to people or electronic systems, making it an essential consideration for any building or facility in lightning-prone regions.